* Yivli Minaret (Fluted Minaret) & Clock Tower
Thanks to the archaeological and natural wealth of the ares, Antalya is also known as the Turkish Riviera. The sun, sea, nature and history combine to form a very popular resort, highlighted by some of the cleanest beaches in the mediterranean. The 630 km shoreline of the province is liberally scattered with ancient cities, harbours, memorial tombs and beaches, secluded coves and lush forests, many of which are easily accessible from the city.
- Where Europe, Asia and Africa meets, Where East and West meets
- 6th biggest city in Turkey, Area : 20.723 km2
- Population: 2.092.537(2012)
- 3rd most visited city after Paris, London (2011)
- Tourists : 10 726 136 (2012)
- Avarage 24oC temperature, 300 sunny days a year
- 2 billion people can reach Antalya within 4 hours
- By 2013 the capacity of Antalya Airport reached to 40 million visitors. The tourist from 182 different countries checked in
- 550.000 luxury bed capacity
- With 195 Blue Flags, Antalya has the first place in the World in terms of holding the most flags therefore having the longest deep blue clean beaches
- In 16 different spots archeological surveys are being conducted
- 16 million foreign visitors projected without Expo 2016 Antalya effect
- Call centres of Tourism Information Centre provide information in 4 different languages
- First place for flower production in Turkey with 34%, 48% of seedling production
- Hosts many international events
DID YOU KNOW?
- In Antalya, there are 30 tourism zones and centers, and culture and tourism protection and development zones.
- The province has considerable abundance in terms of historical places and ruins. Additionally, the excavation works which continue in 12 separate zones have turned this region into one of the most important tourism centers of our country.
- Antalya is the most important tourism city of Turkey with its coast line of 640 km.
- 10.726.136 tourists visited Antalya in 2012.
- Antalya is also known as “the paradise on earth”, “the pearl of the Mediterranean” and “The Turkish Riviera”.
- That the most magnificent and best preserved ancient theatre in Asia and Africa is the Aspendos Theatre in Antalya.
- In addition to numerous archaelogical sites and historic buildings, Antalya offers lots of waterfalls, caves and an endless beaches.
- 15 of the world’s top 100 hotels are in Antalya, according to a worldwide survey of customer satisfaction conducted among 35 million people.
- Antalya Museum is one of the world’s most important museums thanks to its ancient statues on display.
Yivli Minaret (Fluted Minaret)
This minaret has become the symbol of Antalya. It is the oldest Seljuk monument in Antalya. It was commissioned by Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I, who reigned from 1219 to 1238. The fluted body of the minaret, which rises above a square stone base to a total height of 38 metres, is decorated with dark blue and turquoise tiles. On the north side, a climb of 19 steps leads to the minaret’s balcony or şerefe. The mosque adjacent to the Yivli minaret, from which it takes its name, was built in 1373 by Mubarizettin Mehmet Bey.
City Walls & Clock Tower
Heading the lists of remains still standing in Antalya are its city walls. These horseshoe shaped fortifications gird the harbour and the ancient city surrounding it. They were built on 2nd Century A.D. Hellenistic foundations and underwent alterations in nearly every subsequent period. From inscriptions on the walls we know that the Seljuks in particular made major changes, renovating a large section, and adding towers to bring the walls into conformity with their own concepts of military strategy. The famous Ottoman traveller Evliya Çelebi reports that when he visited Antalya in 1671 there were 80 towers along the wall, that it had a circumference of 4,400 paces, and that enclosed within it were neighbourhoods of narrow streets containing almost 3,000 houses. The Clock Tower is one of the most popular sites of the old city walls and an important landmark of Antalya as well.
Olympos – Çıralı
This is an ancient Olympos town around Çıralı village. This city of port was founded in 2nd Century BC and people inhabited in this town until 4th Century AD. Olympos is situated in a beautiful valley that leads to the beach on a bright turquoise blue sea. In the north of Olympos, rises “Yanartaş” – “Burning Stone”. According to legend, the Lycian hero Bellerophon defeated here on his winged horse Pegasus, the fire-breathing Chimera.
Myra – Demre
Myra was one of the six most important cities of Lycia and was originally a coastal town, but due to the overflow of the river, the city of Demre lies a few miles inland today. The Lycian rock tombs, the ancient theater and the church of St. Nicholas are the main attractions of the city.
St. Nicholas was born in 225 AD in Patara that was the capital of Lycia. The church was built in the 6th Century, but the present basilica dates back to the 8th Century. In the second half of the 11th Century, a monastery was built and the monks were assigned to the care of pilgrims. In 1087, Italian merchants sacked the sarcophagus and took the bones of St. Nicholas to Bari. Nevertheless, the church did not entirely lose its significance and continued to be visited by pilgrims. St. Nicholas symposium has been annually held since 1983 in the month of December.
Of the wall’s entry gates only one has survived to the present. This gate of honour, erected to commemorate Hadrian’s visit to Antalya, has an appearance typical of a roman triumphal arch, with two colonnaded facades and three entry arches rising above four pylons. The triumphal arch was a new structural form developed by Roman architects and built in honour of emperors. In the course of a successful restoration project carried out in 1959, certain architectural elements have come to light, which indicate that the monument consisted of two levels. Two towers of different construction were found. The tower on the left front of the arch belongs to the Roman era, while the one on the right side, as indicated by its inscription, dates to Seljuk times.